Help Your Child Become a Fluent Reader

fluent_readerWhat is Reading Fluency?

Fluency helps to build a child’s reading ability. Fluency refers to the student’s speed, ease of oral reading, and smoothness when reading text. Fluent readers read more quickly and more smoothly, thus allowing them to focus more on comprehension. Reading text fluently will ultimately lead to better comprehension of text. In turn, students enjoy reading more.

We help your child(ren) achieve the ability to be a fluent reader by ensuring that your student is able to…

  • read grade-level (and above) texts with accuracy and speed
  • read grade-levels texts aloud at a natural pace, as though they are speaking
  • understand and apply reading strategies while reading
  • apply punctuation properly and proper intonation when reading (for example a period means to stop and a comma means to pause).

The following chart depicts where your child should be throughout the year when it comes to reading fluency. The benchmark for fluency is in the 50th Percentile Range. For example, if your child is in 1st grade, by the end of the school year (Spring), he/she is expected to be reading about 53 or more words fluently per minute. The way this is calculated is by grade level text.

To test this at home, have your child read a passage for one minute, and you count the mistakes he/she made and circle each mistake. Then circle the last word read. Count how many words are read in one minute (WPM – Words per Minute). Then write down the number of mistakes and subtract it from the WPM. This will give you the Words Read Correctly per Minute (WCPM). Example: 50 Words Read (WPM) – 5 Missed Words – 45 WCPM.

 

Grade

Percentile

Fall WCPM*

Winter WCPM*

Spring WCPM*

Avg. Weekly
Improvement**

1

90
75

81
47

111
82

1.9
2.2

50

23

53

1.9

25
10

12
6

28
15

1.0
0.6

2

90
75

106
79

125
100

142
117

1.1
1.2

50

51

72

89

1.2

25
10

25
11

42
18

61
31

1.1
0.6

3

90
75

128
99

146
120

162
137

1.1
1.2

50

71

92

107

1.1

25
10

44
21

62
36

78
48

1.1
0.8

4

90
75

145
119

166
139

180
152

1.1
1.0

50

94

112

123

0.9

25
10

68
45

87
61

98
72

0.9
0.8

5

90
75

166
139

182
156

194
168

0.9
0.9

50

110

127

139

0.9

25
10

85
61

99
74

109
83

0.8
0.7

6

90
75

177
153

195
167

204
177

0.8
0.8

50

127

140

150

0.7

25
10

98
68

111
82

122
93

0.8
0.8

7

90
75

180
156

195
165

202
177

0.7
0.7

50

128

136

150

0.7

25
10

102
79

109
88

123
98

0.7
0.6

8

90
75

185
161

199
177

199
177

0.4
0.5

50

133

151

151

0.6

25
10

106
77

124
97

124
97

0.6
0.6

2006 Hasbrouck & Tindal Oral Reading Fluency Data