What is Reading Comprehension?

Reading comprehension is the process of constructing meaning from text. The goal is to be able to comprehend the text. The process requires two people: the reader and the writer. The process of comprehension involves decoding the writer’s words and extracting meaning from it. Students use background knowledge and different strategies to help generate meaning of the text.

They will learn to use questioning strategies that include the ability to:

  • identify main idea and supporting details of a text
  • make predictions
  • wonder about text
  • express feelings about text
  • ask questions about text
  • visualize what they read
  • summarize and sum up text
  • make connections
  • make inferences
  • understand what is cause and effect
  • understand what is fact and opinion
  • understand the meaning of words
  • understand sequence or the order a story takes place
  • understand author’s purpose – why did the author write it? Was it P.I.E.? (P.I.E. is an acronym for author’s purpose which is to persuade, inform, and entertain!)
  • understand vocabulary, including context clues
  • understand point of view
  • understand 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
  • determine what will happen next in a reading selection
  • relate experiences in a text with real-life experiences and events
  • ask meaningful questions in order to understand text
  • answer questions about a text after reading it
  • apply what is learned to harder or more advanced reading