What is Phonics?
Phonics is not phonemic awareness. Students learn the relationships between the sounds of the spoken language and written language in order to form the written word and read words. It leads to a better understanding of the alphabetic principle which is the systematic relationships between spoken sounds and written letters.
Why is Phonics Important?
It is systematic. Reading is carefully selected and the set of letter sound relationships is organized in a manner that is a logical sequence. It is explicit. The relationships of letters and sounds are precisely taught to the child.
Students usually learn this starting in Kindergarten and Frist Grade. They are given ample opportunities to apply what they are learning about sounds and letters to reading words, sentences and stories and are able to…
- identify letters of the alphabet
- learn concepts about print
- break apart and manipulates the sounds in which words are represented by the sounds of letters in the alphabet
- blend sounds and letters into words
- easily read and decode words with more than one syllable, including the sounds represented by consonants and vowels, consonant blends and digraphs (i.e., block, crumb, strand, chin), vowel digraphs and diphthongs (i.e., boing, house, beet, seat) and r-controlled vowels (i.e., car, bird, farm)
- learn to break a word down into syllables (i.e., cat = 1 syllable, run/ning = 2 syllables)
- Identify and recognize suffixes (i.e., running, stopped)
- Identify and recognize prefixes (i.e., predate, rerun)
- Identify and recognize inflectional endings (i.e., books, started, singing, gladly)
- identify and recognize compound words (i.e, backpack, latpop)
- undertant that phonics helps to build comprehension
What is Phonemic Awareness?
Phonemic Awareness is the ability to identify, hear, and manipulate sounds which are called phonemes. Children need to understand that words are made up of speech sounds calledphonemes. Phonemes are the smallest unit of sound to form words in the spoken language. Phonemic Awareness is taught and learned orally, whereas Phonics is taught by reading the letters and words in print.
Why is Phonemic Awareness Important?
Phonemic Awareness helps children to learn how to spell and put together sounds to form words. It helps to improve the child’s word decoding, reading, and comprehension of text.
- understand the sounds associated with letters of the alphabet
- learn how to build words by blending sounds
- learn how to manipulate sound
- learn how to put together words orally
- recognize that new words can be formed by removing sounds from other words and that new words can be formed (i.e., remove the /b/ sound from bat to form a new word—at, or add the /c/ sound to the word to form the new word-cat)
- recognize which words in a set of words start with the same sounds
- isolate the first or last sounds in a word
- recognize ways to break up or segment words into separate sounds